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IATA Welcomes Restoration of ‘Class A’ ATC Services Over Somalia, Surrounding Oceanic Airspace

Geneva – The International Air Transport Association (IATA) welcomes the reclassification of airspace over Somalia and the surrounding region to Class A. This will take place at one minute past midnight on 26 January 2023 when air traffic control services will be operationally restored after a 30-year disruption.

Some of the region’s busiest airways – linking the African subcontinent south of Ethiopia with the Middle East and Indian subcontinent as well as Western Europe with the Indian subcontinent and Indian Ocean islands – traverse Somalian airspace, which is officially known as the Mogadishu Flight Information Region (FIR). It covers the landmass surrounding the Horn of Africa and extends into the Indian Ocean. 

“The reclassification of the Mogadishu FIR as ‘Class A’ airspace will significantly improve safety in the region and enhance efficiency. This is thanks to the collaborative efforts of the Somalia Airspace Special Coordination Team, comprising the Somali CAA, IATA, the International Civil Aviation Organization, adjacent FIRs and airlines,” said IATA’s Regional Vice President for the Middle East and Africa, Kamil Al-Awadhi.

The reclassification of the airspace, and the operational resumption of air traffic control in the Mogadishu FIR has been made possible with the installation and commissioning of modern radio navigation and other technological infrastructure. It follows a successful trial which began last May.

“The upgrade of air traffic management and improved navigation and communication infrastructure will enhance situational awareness along an increasingly busy air corridor and its intersections with routes linking many of the world’s regions,” added Al-Awadhi. All flights operating in Class A airspace must be cleared by air traffic control which is also responsible for maintaining lateral and vertical separation between aircraft. In the Mogadishu FIR, Class A airspace is the sky above the base altitude of approximately 24,500 feet above mean sea level

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Air India planning mega plane order

According to industry sources, Air India intends to order 425 jets, including 235 Airbus A320neo-family planes and 190 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft. The upcoming deal is expected to include 70 wide-body aircraft consisting of 40 Airbus A350s, 20 Boeing 787s, and 10 Boeing 777Xs. Once finalized, the deal would rank among the biggest by a single airline in volume terms, overshadowing a combined order for 460 Airbus and Boeing aircraft from American Airlines over a decade ago.

CargoForwarder Global reported: https://www.cargoforwarder.eu/2022/12/19/air-india-on-the-verge-of-rebirth/

Air India owner, Tata Group, said the order is the cornerstone to transforming the previously state-run carrier into a “world-class airline” within the next five years. This is urgently required, as the airline is known for poor service, repeated unpunctuality, and a number of scandals. Just recently,  the carrier was fined for its handling of an incident in which a drunk, senior U.S. bank executive was accused of urinating on a 72-year-old woman seated in business class on a flight from New York to New Delhi. The incident was named “peegate” by Indian media. In 2014, a Canadian court convicted Indian-born Canadian businessman, Nazir Karagir, for offering bribes to Air India officials to win a contract worth US$ 100 million. The money was paid from foreign shores to Air India officials to influence the contract in favor of the Canadian firm but was scrapped after the deal was unmasked by Canadian prosecutors.

Air India on way to becoming a “world-class airline”? – photo: courtesy Air India

Air India on way to becoming a “world-class airline”? – photo: courtesy Air India

Deal, or no deal?

Airbus declined to comment on the pending mega order. Neither did Air India or Boeing respond to media inquiries. According to people close to the case, details of the order have been successfully negotiated but finalizing the deal depends on ongoing negotiations with engine maker CFM International, the General Electric Co. and Safran SA joint venture. According to media agencies, CMF is reluctant to offer major discounts on engines and maintenance that typically accompany mega purchase agreements. So, the Boeing part of the order could be held up by an impasse with the engine producer of the 737 Max.

Regarding Airbus, its position in India as the leading supplier of narrow-body planes could be consolidated. So far, IndiGo, the country’s largest carrier, is the biggest customer for Airbus’ A320neo family. However, if the engine issue can be settled amicably, the order could be a breakthrough for Boeing as well, as the U.S. manufacturer has been lagging behind Airbus in the fast-growing Indian aviation market, where its customers include start-up Akasa Air, and SpiceJet.

In the meantime, Airbus has announced that the production rate for the A320 Family of narrowbody aircraft will be increased significantly. Most of the single aisle jetliners are traditionally built at the manufacturer’s Hamburg plant. This hint also points to the upcoming major order from Air India.Heiner Siegmund

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Revised Industry Standards Reflected in 2023 Edition of IATA Manuals

Geneva – The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced that it has completed the annual revision of its air transport industry manuals for cargo, ground handling, and operations, thus incorporating the updates made to many of the underlying industry standards over the past year. These revisions reflect the sector’s commitment to further improving safety, introducing more sustainable operations, as well as enhancing the passenger experience and cargo handling.

Examples of these changes include:

•             Revised Dangerous Goods Regulations

With more than 1.25 million dangerous goods shipments being flown by air on an annual basis, it is essential that the rules and regulations allowing for the safe transport of such substances and articles are revised to reflect safety and operational developments. One focus is on lithium batteries, as consumer demand for electronic devices such as tablets and small personal mobility devices continues to grow.

•             Updated Standard Procedures for Preloading Advanced Cargo Information (PLACI) Manual

This now reflects additional recommendations, including for the new “Import Control System” (EU-ICS2) regulations in the European Union (EU) and future similar programs in Canada, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom, which are being put into place to increase security. Shippers, forwarders and airlines need to fully understand these processes in order to be compliant and avoid fines and the potential for delayed shipments, and be able to have goods flown to, for example, Canada, the EU, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States.

 •            Updated boarding guidance for passengers with reduced mobility along with the loading of mobility aids

These changes have been incorporated into the IATA Ground Operations Manual (IGOM) in order to better serve travelers with disabilities, while elevating the quality of the transport of mobility aids. These amendments support the industry’s commitment to travelers with disabilities made at the IATA Annual General Meeting in 2019.

•             Amendments to handling procedures for the carriage of pet animals

With an increasingly mobile global population, the carriage of live animals, especially domestic pets, is also on the rise. In order to ensure animals’ welfare even during travel disruption, the handling procedures included in the Live Animals Regulations (LAR) have been updated to cover these eventualities. Additional changes have been introduced to manage pet animal transportation in extraordinary circumstances.

•             Advice on the design and use of Ground Service Equipment (GSE) anti-collision systems (Enhanced GSE)

This is now contained in the IATA Airport Handling Manual (AHM) as part of the industry’s call for the increased use of enhanced GSE in order to reduce the ground damage to aircraft and reduce the CO2 emissions of ground handling equipment.

“Aviation is a unique industry with its global footprint covering operations from mega-hubs, through regional airports to small and even remote airfields. Nevertheless, the same standards and procedures need to be applied across the globe, in order to maintain smooth operations and a high level of safety. The IATA manuals are the reference materials, accurately reflecting agreed global standards, which the industry abides by,” said Frederic Leger, IATA’s Senior Vice President for Commercial Products and Services.

Key stakeholders in the aviation value chain – such as airlines, airports, ground service providers, freight forwarders, shippers, and manufacturers – rely on the IATA standards to ensure robust and efficient operations. The IATA manuals are based on the recommendations devised by standard setting bodies such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and other industry working groups.

The annual update is achieved through an extensive exercise undertaken by various industry working groups such as the Dangerous Goods Board (DGB) and the Live Animals and Perishables Board (LAPB). Each working group is comprised of IATA experts as well as other experts in that field who work with local governments and industry stakeholders, ensuring that each manual contains the most updated information on the latest regulations, trends, and best practices. In total more than 350 updates have been made to the 2023 editions.

IATA, in collaboration with its members, has been setting industry standards since its founding in 1945 and manuals have been published on a multitude of topics for more than 60 years. An increasing number of manuals have been made available in a digital format, in addition to the traditional printed versions.

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Alarm Lonjakan Kasus Covid RI di Tengah Serangan Varian Baru

CNN Indonesia

Rabu, 16 Nov 2022 07:12 WIB

Jakarta, CNN Indonesia — Penambahan kasus virus corona (Covid-19) harian di Indonesia mulai menunjukkan tren peningkatan sejak beberapa hari terakhir.

Kasus konfirmasi menembus 7.893 kasus pada Selasa (15/11) kemarin. Jumlah itu merupakan tambahan kasus konfirmasi Covid-19 tertinggi terhitung sejak 19 Maret 2022 lalu dengan 7.951 kasus yang dilaporkan.

Sejak awal November 2022, penambahan kasus Covid-19 harian juga konsisten di atas tiga ribu kasus. Selain itu, penambahan jumlah kasus Covid-19 mingguan di Indonesia juga masih mengalami tren peningkatan.

Dalam sepekan terakhir, kenaikan terhitung 24,01 persen lebih tinggi dibandingkan temuan kasus sepekan sebelumnya.

Satgas Covid Evaluasi Aturan Perjalanan Saat Libur Nataru 2023

Berdasarkan data yang dihimpun dari laporan harian pemerintah, tercatat selama periode 9-15 November, jumlah kumulatif kasus konfirmasi Covid-19 dalam sepekan berjumlah 42.084 kasus.

Sementara pada periode sepekan sebelumnya atau selama periode 2-8 November Oktober, kasus konfirmasi Covid-19 berjumlah 33.935 orang.

Tren peningkatan kasus konfirmasi Covid-19 itu juga dibarengi dengan tren kenaikan pada kasus kematian Covid-19. Selama periode 2-8 November, kasus warga yang meninggal akibat terinfeksi Covid-19 berjumlah 246 kasus, dan sepekan setelahnya bertambah menjadi 290 kasus atau meningkat sebanyak 17,88 persen.

Adapun dilihat dari kedua tren kenaikan tersebut, jumlah testing mingguan Covid-19 di Indonesia juga terpantau mengalami tren kenaikan kendati tak signifikan. Selama periode 2-8 November misalnya, sebanyak 194.990 orang telah diperiksa. Sepekan setelahnya, jumlah warga yang diperiksa naik menjadi 206.757 orang.

Sebagaimana diketahui, capaian pemeriksaan Covid-19 di Indonesia dihitung dari hasil pemeriksaan menggunakan metode polymerase chain reaction (PCR) alias tes swab, tes cepat molekuler (TCM), dan rapid test antigen.

Dari laporan itu, pemerintah juga mencatat DKI Jakarta menjadi provinsi penyumbang kasus Covid-19 tertinggi di Indonesia dengan 2.932, disusul Jawa Barat dengan 1.472 kasus yang dilaporkan. Dengan demikian, apabila dijumlahkan keduanya menyumbang 55,79 persen pada kasus Covid-19 Indonesia per Selasa lalu.

Selanjutnya, Jawa Timur melaporkan 924 kasus, Banten 816 kasus, Jawa Tengah 402 kasus, Bali 219 kasus, DI Yogyakarta 135 kasus, Sumatera Utara 132 kasus, dan Kalimantan Timur 126 kasus.

Sementara 23 provinsi lainnya melaporkan kasus Covid-19 harian di antara 10-100 kasus. Lalu Maluku mencatatkan empat kasus, dan hanya Gorontalo yang menjadi satu-satunya provinsi nihil kasus Covid-19 pada Selasa lalu.

Lebih lanjut, pemerintah juga melaporkan, Jawa Timur dan Jawa Tengah mencatatkan kasus kematian Covid-19 harian tertinggi dengan masing-masing 11 kasus kematian yang dilaporkan.

Disusul Riau dengan lima kasus kematian dan DKI Jakarta dengan empat kasus kematian Covid-19. Sisanya, sebanyak 10 provinsi melaporkan masing-masing satu kasus kematian, dan 20 provinsi lainnya nihil kematian Covid-19 pada hari ini.

Sehingga secara kumulatif, sebanyak 6.573.805 orang dinyatakan positif terinfeksi virus corona di Indonesia. Dari jumlah itu sebanyak 6.360.832 orang dinyatakan pulih, 53.774 orang menjalani perawatan di rumah sakit dan isolasi mandiri, serta 159.199 orang lainnya meninggal dunia.

Mengapa Angka Kematian Covid-19 Kembali Meningkat?

Prediksi Menkes 20 Ribu Kasus Covid Sehari

Menteri Kesehatan (Menkes) Budi Gunadi Sadikin sebelumnya juga sudah memprediksi puncak kasus virus corona yang disebabkan oleh sebaran mutasi Omicron Subvarian baru seperti XBB, BQ.1 hingga BA.2.75 di Indonesia dapat mencapai 20 ribu kasus per hari.

Budi menyebut prediksi itu didapatkan dengan melihat kondisi kenaikan kasus di Singapura yang disebabkan Omicron XBB. Selain itu, ia menilai subvarian baru ini memiliki karakteristik tingkat kecepatan penularan seperti subvarian Omicron BA.4 dan BA.5 yang melanda Indonesia sekitar Juli-Agustus 2022 lalu.

“Kalau mengikuti pola Singapura seharusnya dalam satu bulan ke depan ini akan naik mendekati angka 20 ribu per hari, sama seperti bulan Agustus kemarin,” kata Budi dalam rapat kerja dan rapat dengar pendapat bersama Komisi IX DPR RI, Selasa (8/11).

Budi mengatakan berdasarkan riwayat kasus serupa di negara-negara lain, terlihat bahwa varian XBB maupun XBB 1 tingkat kematian dan keparahan penyakit lebih rendah dibandingkan subvarian Omicron BA.1 dan BA.2.

Mantan Wakil Menteri BUMN itu lantas mengingatkan, saat BA.1 dan BA.2 melanda Indonesia, kenaikan kasus Covid-19 harian bahkan bisa mencapai rekor tertinggi yakni 64.718 kasus pada 16 Februari lalu. Sementara XBB menurutnya tak akan setinggi subvarian sebelumnya kendati transmisi kasus cepat terjadi.

Dengan demikian, Budi menyatakan pihaknya telah siap untuk menyiagakan fasilitas kesehatan di seluruh daerah guna menghadapi potensi gelombang Omicron XBB ini lantaran telah belajar dari pengalaman yang ‘parah’.

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Priorities for Asia-Pacific Post COVID

Bangkok – The International Air Transport Association (IATA) urged the Asia-Pacific region to prepare for the anticipated surge in traffic and provide policy support for the industry’s decarbonization efforts, as the region moves forward from COVID-19.

“The last three years have been extremely challenging for the airline industry. Asian airlines, in particular, were hit hard, accounting for about a third of the industry’s losses between 2020 and this year. With the region finally emerging from COVID-19, governments have a key role to play in accelerating the recovery, and supporting the industry’s sustainable growth,” said Conrad Clifford, IATA’s Senior Vice President and Deputy Director General.

Clifford was speaking at the Association of Asia Pacific Airlines’ (AAPA) Assembly of Presidents in Bangkok.

Emerging from COVID-19

“Asia has been a laggard. The rest of the world started lifting restrictions and reopening borders last year. However, it was only around April this year that positive momentum was seen in Asia. That is why international passenger demand in September was only at 41.5% of 2019 levels, the lowest among regions,” said Clifford. North American carriers led the way at 89% of 2019 levels, while the other regions were in the 73%-83% range.

“Asia-Pacific governments can accelerate the recovery. There is no reason why we cannot travel as we did before the pandemic. The region also needs to prepare for the surge in traffic. The delays and congestion experienced in Europe and North America should be a stark reminder for airports and government agencies in Asia-Pacific. Now is the time to get the capacity in place, both in terms of infrastructure and the manpower,” said Clifford. IATA is also calling for more digitization of processes so as to be able to handle the increase in traffic.

Clifford recognized the region’s recovery will be held back as long as China remains closed to international travel. “We must learn to live, travel and work with COVID-19. We hope the Chinese government will have the confidence to re-open its borders soon and connect with the world,” he said.

Policy Support for Decarbonization

In 2021, IATA’s members committed to achieve net zero CO2 emissions by 2050. Last month, governments meeting at the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Assembly adopted a Long Term Aspirational Goal (LTAG) to achieve net zero CO2 emissions by 2050.

“We are extremely encouraged by the LTAG agreement at the ICAO Assembly. With both governments and industry focused on the same goal, the significance of LTAG cannot be overstated. But to achieve net zero CO2 emission by 2050, government policy support in key areas of decarbonization is critical. One such area is incentivizing the production capacity of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF),” said Clifford.

SAF is currently expected to account for 65% of carbon mitigation in 2050. It will be the largest contributor to the industry’s sustainability. Airlines bought every drop of SAF available in 2021 and have committed to over $17 billion of forward purchasing agreements.

“The problem is the limited supply and high costs. I urge Asia-Pacific governments to look at stimulating SAF production,” said Clifford. Government incentives for SAF could see 30 billion liters of production capacity globally by 2030. Japan and Singapore have demonstrated an exemplary approach to SAF, actively involving the industry in the consultation process, and in promoting domestic production of SAF.

Clifford also highlighted the need to address air traffic congestion on routes between Asia and Europe, which has been increasing due to airlines reinstating their networks, coupled with diversions to avoid the airspace over Afghanistan, Russia and Ukraine.

“Over the Bay of Bengal, air navigation service providers in India and Malaysia have been working towards trials to reduce separation standards safely between aircraft to increase the airspace capacity. This is positive. We need the neighboring states to cooperate with each other, work with airlines, to implement procedures that make full use of the capabilities of modern aircraft,” said Clifford.

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IATA to Expand Environmental Assessment Certification to Airports and Ground Service Providers

Istanbul – The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has launched the IATA Environmental Assessment for Airports and Ground Service Providers (IEnvA for Airports and GSPs).  Edmonton International Airport (YEG) is the first participant in the expanded IEnvA and will play a leadership role as the value chain aligns to ensure a sustainable future for air transport.

IEnvA for Airports and GSPs is an expansion of the successful IEnvA for Airlines. IEnvA programs enable participants to build robust environmental management plans with continual performance improvements. Some 50 airlines are part of the IEnvA program, with 34 of them fully certified while the others are in the process.

“IEnvA has a solid track record of improving the environmental performance of airlines. As the aviation industry committed to improving sustainability, including achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050, the expansion of IEnvA to airports and GSPs is critical. With Edmonton International Airport’s pioneering participation in the expanded program, we have a clear signal that the industry’s sustainability commitments are being actioned in a systematic results-oriented approach across the value chain,” said Sebastian Mikosz, IATA’s Senior Vice President for Environment and Sustainability.

“This is a significant milestone for airports around the world, and we are proud to be a part of the movement towards a sustainable future for aviation. IATA’s Environmental Assessment Program has supported the sustainability narrative across the aviation industry, and we are excited to be the first airport involved in expanding this program as we continue to prioritize ESG, innovation and forward-thinking solutions to airport operations and strategic partnerships” said Myron Keehn, VP, Air Service, Business Development, ESG and Stakeholder Relations, Edmonton International Airport.

IEnvA is an Environmental Management System based on standards and best practices that were built in collaboration with airlines, airports, ground service providers, IATA and sustainability experts. It complies with ISO14001 (Environmental Management) requirements, and uses IATA’s decade’s long expertise with safety auditing (IOSA) for oversight, governance and quality control.

IEnvA for Airports and GSPs will make use of tried-and-tested IEnvA oversight, governance, and quality control processes and will include provision of standards and recommended practices, training access, readiness workshops and external assessment.

As the pioneer airport in the IEnvA for Airports and GSPs, YEG will work with IATA to establish the IEnvA Standards for Airports and guidance material to broadly improve performance in areas such as emissions, waste, water, noise, energy, and biodiversity. As with IEnvA for Airlines, upon a successful independent assessment, YEG and other successful entities will be included in the IEnvA Certification Registry.

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September Passenger Demand Stays Strong

Geneva – The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced passenger data for September 2022 showing that the recovery in air travel continues to be strong.  

•             Total traffic in September 2022 (measured in revenue passenger kilometers or RPKs) rose 57.0% compared to September 2021. Globally, traffic is now at 73.8% of September 2019 levels.  

•             Domestic traffic for September 2022 was up 6.9% compared to the year-ago period. Total September 2022 domestic traffic was at 81% of the September 2019 level.

•             International traffic climbed 122.2% versus September 2021. September 2022 international RPKs reached 69.9% of September 2019 levels. All markets reported strong growth, led by Asia-Pacific.

“Even with economic and geopolitical uncertainties, the demand for air transport continues to recover ground. The outlier is still China with its pursuit of a zero COVID strategy keeping borders largely closed and creating a demand roller coaster ride for its domestic market, with September being down 46.4% on the previous year. That is in sharp contrast to the rest of Asia-Pacific, which, despite China’s dismal performance, posted a 464.8% increase for international traffic compared to the year-ago period,” said Willie Walsh, IATA’s Director General.

September 2022 (% year-on-year)           World share1     RPK        ASK        PLF (%-pt)2         PLF (level)3

Total Market      100.0%  57.0%    29.1%    14.5%    81.6%

Africa    1.9%      89.2%    50.2%    15.3%    74.3%

Asia Pacific          27.5%    51.9%    22.2%    14.6%    74.7%

Europe 25.0%    60.4%    34.1%    13.9%    84.7%

Latin America     6.5%      47.8%    39.4%    4.7%      82.3%

Middle East        6.6%      138.6%  57.7%    26.9%    79.5%

North America  32.6%    39.7%    18.1%    13.3%    85.5%

1% of industry RPKs in 2021   2year-on-year change in load factor   3Load Factor Level

 International Passenger Markets

•             Asia-Pacific airlines saw a 464.8% rise in September traffic compared to September 2021, the strongest year-over-year rate among the regions. Capacity rose 165.3% and the load factor was up 41.5 percentage points to 78.3%.  

•             European carriers September traffic climbed 78.3% versus September 2021. Capacity increased 43.8%, and load factor moved up 16.3 percentage points to 84.1%, second highest among the regions.

•             Middle Eastern airlines posted a 149.7% traffic rise in September compared to September 2021. September capacity increased 63.5% versus the year-ago period, and load factor climbed 27.6 percentage points to 80.0%.

•             North American carriers had a 128.9% traffic rise in September versus the 2021 period. Capacity increased 63.0%, and load factor climbed 24.6 percentage points to 85.4%, which was the highest among the regions for a fourth consecutive month.

•             Latin American airlines’ September traffic rose 99.4% compared to the same month in 2021. September capacity climbed 73.7% and load factor increased 10.8 percentage points to 83.5%.  

•             African airlines saw a 90.5% rise in September RPKs versus a year ago. September 2022 capacity was up 47.2% and load factor climbed 16.7 percentage points to 73.6%, the lowest among regions.

Domestic Passenger Markets

September 2022 (% year-on-year)           World share1  

RPK        ASK        PLF (%-pt)2         PLF (level)3

Domestic             62.3%    6.9%      -3.2%     7.6%      80.6%

Australia              0.8%      276.0%  144.9%  29.4%    84.4%

Brazil     1.9%      14.9%    15.8%    -0.6%     80.5%

China P.R.            17.8%    -46.4%  -45.9%  -0.6%     67.0%

India      2.0%      42.6%    30.7%    6.6%      78.9%

Japan    1.1%      127.9%  44.9%    23.8%    65.2%

US          25.6%    16.8%    3.7%      9.6%      85.4%

1% of industry RPKs in 2021   2year-on-year change in load factor 3Load Factor Level

•             Japan’s domestic RPKs rose 127.9% in September and are now at nearly 75.6% of 2019 levels.

•             US domestic traffic climbed 16.8% in September compared to September 2021, pushing it to 0.4% above the September 2019 level. The 85.4% load factor was the highest among the domestic markets.

September 2022 (% ch vs the same month in 2019)          World share in1                RPK        ASK        PLF (%-pt)2         PLF (level)3

Total Market      100.0%  -26.2%  -25.9%  -0.3%     81.6%

International      37.7%    -30.1%  -30.6%  0.5%      82.2%

Domestic             62.3%    -19.0%  -17.3%  -1.7%     80.6%

The Bottom Line

“Strong demand is helping the industry cope with sky high fuel prices. To support that demand in the long-term, we need to pay attention to what travelers are telling us. After nearly three years of pandemic travel complexity, IATA’s 2022 Global Passenger Survey (GPS) shows that travelers want simplification and convenience. That’s an important message for airlines but also for airports and governments. They own many of the facilitation processes that let passengers down at some key airports over this year’s northern summer travel season. According to the GPS, a majority of passengers want to use biometric data rather than passports for border processes. And 93% of passengers are interested in trusted traveler programs to expedite security screening. Modernizing the facilitation experience will not only help alleviate the choke points, it will create a better experience for all,” said

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Air Cargo Demand Softens in September

Geneva – The International Air Transport Association (IATA) released data for September 2022 global air cargo markets showing that air cargo demand softened.

•             Global demand, measured in cargo tonne-kilometers (CTKs*), fell 10.6% compared to September 2021 (-10.6% also for international operations), but continued to track at near pre-pandemic levels (-3.6%).

•             Capacity was 2.4% above September 2021 (+5.0% for international operations) but still 7.4% below September 2019 levels (-8.1% for international operations).

•             Several factors in the operating environment should be noted:

o             Following contractions across major economies, the global Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) for new export orders also contracted (for a third month in a row) to its lowest level in two years.

o             Latest global goods trade figures showed a 5.2% expansion in August, a positive sign for the global economy. This is expected to primarily benefit maritime cargo, with a slight boost to air cargo as well.

o             Oil prices remained stable in September and the jet fuel crack spread fell from a peak in June.

o             The Consumer Price Index stabilized in G7 countries in September, but at a decades high level of 7.7%. Inflation in producer (input) prices slowed to 13.7% in August.  

“While air cargo’s activity continues to track near to 2019 levels, volumes remain below 2021’s exceptional performance as the industry faces some headwinds. At the consumer level, with travel restrictions lifting post-pandemic, people are likely to spend more on vacation travel and less on e-commerce. And at the macro-level, increasing recession warnings are likely to have a negative impact on the global flows of goods and services, balanced slightly by a stabilization of oil prices. Against this backdrop, air cargo is bearing up well. And a strategic slow-down in capacity growth from 6.3% in August to 2.4% in September demonstrates the flexibility the industry has in adjusting to economic developments,” said Willie Walsh, IATA’s Director General.

September 2022

(% year-on-year)             World share1     CTK        ACTK     CLF (%-pt)2         CLF (level)3

Total Market      100.0%  -10.6%  2.4%      -7.0%     48.1%

Africa    1.9%      0.1%      -4.1%     1.9%      45.1%

Asia Pacific          32.6%    -10.7%  2.8%      -8.7%     57.2%

Europe 22.8%    -15.6%  0.2%      -9.9%     52.8%

Latin America     2.2%      10.8%    18.4%    -2.6%     38.1%

Middle East        13.4%    -15.8%  -2.8%     -7.4%     47.8%

North America  27.2%    -6.0%     4.6%      -4.4%     39.6%

1 % of industry CTKs in 2021  2 Change in load factor   3 Load factor level

September Regional Performance

•             Asia-Pacific airlines saw their air cargo volumes decrease by 10.7% in September 2022 compared to the same month in 2021. This was a decline in performance compared to August (-8.3%). Airlines in the region continue to be impacted by the conflict in Ukraine, labor shortages, and lower levels of trade and manufacturing activity due to Omicron-related restrictions in China. Available capacity in the region increased by 2.8% compared to 2021.

•             North American carriers posted a 6.0% decrease in cargo volumes in September 2022 compared to the same month in 2021. This was a decline in performance compared to August (3.4%).  Capacity was up 4.6% compared to September 2021.

•             European carriers saw a 15.6% decrease in cargo volumes in September 2022 compared to the same month in 2021. This was on a par with August’s performance (-15.1%). This is attributable to the war in Ukraine. Labor shortages and high inflation levels, most notably in Turkey, also affected volumes. Capacity increased 0.2% in September 2022 compared to September 2021. 

•             Middle Eastern carriers experienced a 15.8% year-on-year decrease in cargo volumes in September 2022. This was the worst performance of all regions and a significant decline compared to the previous month (-11.3%). Stagnant cargo volumes to/from Europe impacted the region’s performance. Capacity was down 2.8% compared to September 2021.

•             Latin American carriers reported an increase of 10.8% in cargo volumes in September 2022 compared to September 2021. This was the strongest performance of all regions. Airlines in this region have shown optimism by introducing new services and capacity, and in some cases investing in additional aircraft for air cargo in the coming months. Capacity in September was up 18.4% compared to the same month in 2021. 

•             African airlines saw cargo volumes increase by 0.1% in September 2022 compared to September 2021. This was a slight decrease in the growth recorded the previous month (1.0%). Capacity was 4.1% below September 2021 levels.

View the September Air Cargo Market Analysis (pdf)

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Ada “Kiamat” Baru di Jerman: Para Pekerja Hilang

Bendera Jerman (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber) Foto: AP/Markus Schreiber

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Jerman yang kini mengalami krisis baru. Hal itu adalah kelangkaan tenaga kerja.

Ini menambah daftar persoalan yang dihadapi oleh sektor manufaktur. Minimnya tenaga kerja yang berkualitas disebabkan oleh populasi yang menua dan diperburuk oleh pandemi Covid-19, membuat produsen mengalami kekurangan staf.

Survei baru-baru ini menemukan 50% produsen memangkas produksi. Ini menimbulkan kerugian hingga US$ 85 miliar atau setara Rp 1.317 triliun per tahunnya.

“Semakin banyak perusahaan mengurangi bisnis mereka karena tidak ada cukup pekerja. Dalam jangka menengah dan panjang, masalah ini kemungkinan akan menjadi lebih buruk,” terang pakar pasar tenaga kerja di Ifo Institute di Munich, Stefan Sauer, dikutip The Straits Times, Kamis (20/10/2022).

Hal ini menambah masalah yang dihadapi manufaktur Jerman setelah krisis dan naiknya harga energi. Beberapa produsen bahkan harus menutup pabrik atau mengalihkan produksi ke luar negeri.

Produsen pesawat Airbus harus membatalkan rencana untuk memproduksi 720 jet A320 terlarisnya di Hamburg pada 2022. Perusahaan itu menyebut sebagian besar pembatalan ini dikarenakan kekurangan pekerja.

Kekurangan tenaga kerja memperbesar tekanan bagi industri. Dengan permintaan pekerja yang tinggi dan inflasi melonjak menjadi 10,9% bulan lalu, staf sektor publik Jerman mencari kenaikan gaji 10,5% sementara pekerja logam menuntut 8% kenaikan.

Walau terlihat dapat memuaskan kebutuhan pekerja, kenaikan upah yang cepat dapat membantu memperkuat inflasi. Tren tersebut bahkan dapat mendorong Bank Sentral Eropa untuk menaikkan suku bunga kembali.

Meski begitu, seorang ekonom di UBS Group di Frankfurt, Felix Huefner, tetap memprediksi upah Jerman tumbuh 3,5% pada akhir 2023. “Harga energi yang tinggi dan kekurangan pekerja terampil tentu menjadi kendala bagi industri Jerman ke depan. Negara-negara seperti Prancis, yang memiliki demografi yang lebih baik, akan memiliki kapasitas produktif yang lebih kuat di masa depan,” paparnya.

Sebelumnya, dalam ramalan terbaru Dana Moneter International (IMF), Jerman menjadi satu dari dua negara Eropa yang terancam resesi talun 2023. Satu lagi adalah Italia.

“Jerman dan Italia akan tergelincir ke dalam resesi tahun depan, menjadi ekonomi maju pertama yang mengalami kontraksi setelah invasi Rusia ke Ukraina,” tulis IMF dalam pembaruan World Economic Outlooknya.

Ekonomi negera itu akan menyusut 0,3%. Sementara Italia berkontraksi 0,2%.

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New CASSLink Successful Go-Live in US Market

Geneva – The International Air Transport Association (IATA), in collaboration with its wholly owned subsidiary Cargo Network Services (CNS), announced that the modernized CASSLink has been successfully deployed in the United States air cargo market. CASSLink is an invoicing system for billings and payments between airlines and freight forwarders which are participating in the Cargo Accounts Settlement System (CASS). More than 15,000 freight forwarders use CASSLink.

“We surveyed the market about what additional features they’d like to see, and we’ve delivered them in the new CASSLink. It is an efficient, secure, transparent and cost-effective solution for airlines, cargo agents and freight forwarders. We are excited to bring it to the US, the largest CASS market worldwide,” said Laura Pullins, CNS President.

New CASSLink features include:  

•             Friendly and intuitive user interface

•             Self-service functions to configure data processing, reports and user management, etc.

•             Real-time reporting and on-line dispute resolution

•             Accommodation of bilateral commercial arrangements as well as IATA resolutions requirements

•             New tax calculation mechanism

•             Risk assessment tool

•             New payment options

IATA worked with IBS Software to develop the new CASSLink. It will be rolled out to all other CASS markets beginning this quarter and continuing through 2023. At the end of 2021, 97 CASS operations were serving more than 230 General Sales and Service Agents and over 240 airlines worldwide. CASS processed $57.4 billion, with an on-time settlement rate of 99.999% in 2021.

“New CASSLink is designed to meet the billing and payment requirements of the air cargo value chain, today and in future. It is the most price competitive solution in the market, with no charge to agents and forwarders,” said Muhammad Albakri, IATA’s Senior VP, Financial Settlement and Distribution Services.